gum

1.
n. & v.
—n.
1 a a viscous secretion of some trees and shrubs that hardens on drying but is soluble in water (cf. RESIN). b an adhesive substance made from this.
2 US chewing gum.
3 = GUMDROP.
4 = gum arabic.
5 = gum-tree.
6 a secretion collecting in the corner of the eye.
7 US = GUMBOOT.
—v. (gummed, gumming)
1 tr. smear or cover with gum.
2 tr. (usu. foll. by down, together, etc.) fasten with gum.
3 intr. exude gum.
Phrases and idioms:
gum arabic a gum exuded by some kinds of acacia and used as glue and in incense. gum benjamin benzoin. gum dragon tragacanth. gum juniper sandarac. gum resin a vegetable secretion of resin mixed with gum, e.g. gamboge. gum-tree a tree exuding gum, esp. a eucalyptus. gum up
1 (of a mechanism etc.) become clogged or obstructed with stickiness.
2 colloq. interfere with the smooth running of (gum up the works). up a gum-tree colloq. in great difficulties.
Etymology: ME f. OF gomme ult. f. L gummi, cummi f. Gk kommi f. Egypt. kemai
2.
n. (usu. in pl.) the firm flesh around the roots of the teeth.
Phrases and idioms:
gum-shield a pad protecting a boxer's teeth and gums.
Etymology: OE goma rel. to OHG guomo, ON goacutemr roof or floor of the mouth
3.
n. colloq. (in oaths) God (by gum!).
Etymology: corrupt. of God

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — or GUM may refer to:Confectionary* Chewing gum * Functional chewing gum or Functional gum * Bubble gum * Wine gum * Gumdrop * Gum base * Gum industryNatural gums* Gum anima * Gum arabic * Cassia gum * Dammar gum * Gellan gum * Guar gum * Locust… …   Wikipedia

  • Gum — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gum — gum1 [gum] n. [ME gomme < OFr < LL gumma < L gummi, cummi < Gr kommi < Egypt qmyt] 1. a sticky, colloidal carbohydrate found in certain trees and plants, which dries into an uncrystallized, brittle mass that dissolves or swells in… …   English World dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gummed} (g[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gumming}.] 1. To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance. [1913 Webster] He frets like a gummed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gum up — Gum Gum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gummed} (g[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gumming}.] 1. To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance. [1913 Webster] He frets like a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • GUM — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gum — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gum|my — gum|my1 «GUHM ee», adjective, mi|er, mi|est. 1. sticky like gum; viscid. SYNONYM(S): viscous, mucilaginous. 2. covered with gum. 3. giving off gum: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • gum — Ⅰ. gum [1] ► NOUN 1) a thick sticky substance produced by some trees and shrubs. 2) glue used for sticking paper or other light materials together. 3) chewing gum or bubble gum. 4) a firm, jelly like sweet. ► VERB (gummed …   English terms dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gome, AS. gama palate; akin Co G. gaumen, OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. g?mr, Sw. gom; cf. Gr. ? to gape.] The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws. [1913 Webster] {Gum rash} (Med.), strophulus in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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